National Household Targeting System for Poverty Reduction (NHTS-PR) is an information management system that identifies who and where the poor are. This makes available to national government agencies and other social protection stakeholders a pioneer database consisting of a comprehensive organization of information of the poor households nationwide.
The first of its kind in the Philippines, this database is used for the following:
- analyzing who and where the poor are;
- focus targeting of social protection programs to the poor that reduces leakage or under-coverage; and
- objectively identify beneficiaries of social protection programs of various government and non-government agencies, civil society and basic sectors.
Executive Order No.867 issued in March 2010 has directed all National Government Agencies (NGAs) to adopt the results of NHTS-PR in identifying prospective beneficiaries for their social protection programs nationwide.
The household assessments were completed last December 2010. The NHTSPR was able to assess 10,909,456 households in 17 regions, 80 provinces, and 137 cities and 1,493 municipalities nationwide. Of these assessed households,10,840,452 were subjected to Proxy Means Test (PMT) resulting to 5,255,118 households identified as poor. In Field Office IV-A, a total of 912,988 households were assessed and subjected to PMT in 5 Provinces, 14 Cities and 128 Municipalities. Of these, 389,811 households were identified as poor.
PMT is a statistical model that estimates household income using proxy variables or income predictors. The assessment was supported by two major activities, On-Demand Application and Validation. These activities respond to issues of under coverage and inclusion of non-poor households. These processes aim to ensure the integrity of the database before sharing it with other government agencies and social protection stakeholders. The database of the poor is for updating after four years.